Janapada

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Janapada

 

c. 1200 BCE–c. 6th century BCE
Late vedic era map showing the boundaries of Āryāvarta or "Northern India" which contained most of the janapadas others were outside this region in Dakshinapatha or "Southern India". .
Capital Not specified
Languages Sanskrit
Religion Vedic Hinduism
Buddhism
Jainism
Government Republics
Monarchies
Realms
Historical era Bronze Age India, Iron Age India
 -  Established c. 1200 BCE
 -  Disestablished c. 6th century BCE
Outline of South Asian history
Riwatian people (1,900,000 BCE)
Riwatian people (1,900,000 BP)
Soanian people (500,000 BCE)
Soanian people (500,000 BP)
Stone Age (50,000–3000 BCE)
Bhirrana Culture (7570-6200 BCE)
Mehrgarh Culture (7000–3300 BCE)
Bronze Age (3000–1300 BCE)
Indus Valley Civilization (3300–1700 BCE)
 – Early Harappan Culture (3300–2600 BCE)
 – Mature Harappan Culture (2600–1900 BCE)
Ochre Coloured Pottery culture (from 2000 BCE)
Vedic period (1750–1200 BCE)
 – Late Harappan Culture (1700–1300 BCE)
Swat culture (1600–500 BCE)
 – Black and Red ware culture (1300–1200 BCE)
Iron Age (1200–230 BCE)
Vedic period (1200–500 BCE)
 – Black and Red ware culture (1200–1000 BCE)
 – Painted Grey Ware culture (1200–600 BCE)
 – Janapadas (1200–600 BCE)
 – Northern Black Polished Ware (700–200 BCE)
Haryanka Kingdom (684–424 BCE)
Maha Janapadas (600–300 BCE)
Achaemenid Empire (550–330 BCE)
Magadha Kingdom (500–321 BCE)
Ror Kingdom (450 BCE–489 CE)
Nanda Empire (424–321 BCE)
Shishunaga Kingdom (413–345 BCE)
Macedonian Empire (330–323 BCE)
Maurya Empire (321–184 BCE)
Seleucid Empire (312–63 BCE)
Pandya Empire (300 BCE–1345 CE)
Chera Kingdom (300 BCE–1102 CE)
Chola Empire (300 BCE–1279 CE)
Pallava Empire (250 BCE–800 CE)
Maha-Megha-Vahana Empire (250 BCE–400 CE)
Parthian Empire (247 BCE–224 CE)
Classical period (230 BCE–1279CE)
Satavahana Empire (230–220 BCE)
Kuninda Kingdom (200 BCE–300 CE)
Indo-Scythian Kingdom (200 BCE–400 CE)
Shunga Empire (185–73 BCE)
Indo-Greek Kingdom (180 BCE–10 CE)
Kanva Empire (75–26 BCE)
Indo-Parthian Kingdom (21–130s CE)
Western Satrap Empire (35–405 CE)
Kushan Empire (60–240 CE)
Bharshiva Dynasty (170–350 CE)
Nagas of Padmavati (210–340 CE)
Sasanian Empire (224–651 CE)
Indo-Sassanid Kingdom (230–360 CE)
Vakataka Empire (250s–500s CE)
Kalabhras Empire (250–600 CE)
Gupta Empire (280–550 CE)
Kadamba Empire (345–525 CE)
Western Ganga Kingdom (350–1000 CE)
Kamarupa Kingdom (350–1100 CE)
Vishnukundina Empire (420–624 CE)
Maitraka Empire (475–767 CE)
Huna Kingdom (475–576 CE)
Rai Kingdom (489–632 CE)
Shahi Empire (500s–1026 CE)
Chalukya Empire (543–753 CE)
Maukhari Empire (550s–700s CE)
Harsha Empire (606–647 CE)
Tibetan Empire (618–841 CE)
Eastern Chalukya Kingdom (624–1075 CE)
Rashidun Caliphate (632–661 CE)
Gurjara-Pratihara Empire (650–1036 CE)
Umayyad Caliphate (661–750 CE)
Pala Empire (750–1174 CE)
Rashtrakuta Empire (753–982 CE)
Paramara Kingdom (800–1327 CE)
Yadava Empire (850–1334 CE)
Solanki Kingdom (942–1244 CE)
Western Chalukya Empire (973–1189 CE)
Lohara Kingdom (1003–1320 CE)
Hoysala Empire (1040–1346 CE)
Sena Empire (1070–1230 CE)
Eastern Ganga Empire (1078–1434 CE)
Kakatiya Kingdom (1083–1323 CE)
Kalachuri Empire (1130–1184 CE)
Late medieval period (1206–1596)
Delhi Sultanate (1206–1526 CE)
 – Mamluk Sultanate (1206–1290 CE)
 – Khilji Sultanate (1290–1320 CE)
 – Tughlaq Sultanate (1320–1414 CE)
 – Sayyid Sultanate (1414–1451 CE)
 – Lodi Sultanate (1451–1526 CE)
Ahom Kingdom (1228–1826 CE)
Reddy Kingdom (1325–1448 CE)
Vijayanagara Empire (1336–1646 CE)
Gajapati Kingdom (1434–1541 CE)
Deccan Sultanates (1490–1596 CE)
Early modern period (1526–1858)
Mughal Empire (1526–1858 CE)
Maratha Empire (1674–1818 CE)
Durrani Empire (1747–1823 CE)
Sikh Empire (1799–1849 CE)
Colonial period (1510–1961)
Portuguese India (1510–1961 CE)
Dutch India (1605–1825 CE)
Danish India (1620–1869 CE)
French India (1759–1954 CE)
Company Raj (1757–1858 CE)
British Raj (1858–1947 CE)
Partition of India (1947 CE)
Other states (1102–1947)
Zamorin Kingdom (1102–1766 CE)
Sutiya Kingdom (1187-1673 CE)
Deva Kingdom (1200s–1300s CE)
Chitradurga Kingdom (1300–1779 CE)
Garhwal Kingdom (1358–1803 CE)
Mysore Kingdom (1399–1947 CE)
Keladi Kingdom (1499–1763 CE)
Koch Kingdom (1515–1947 CE)
Thondaiman Kingdom (1650–1948 CE)
Madurai Kingdom (1559–1736 CE)
Thanjavur Kingdom (1572–1918 CE)
Marava Kingdom (1600–1750 CE)
Sikh Confederacy (1707–1799 CE)
Travancore Kingdom (1729–1947 CE)
Kingdoms of Sri Lanka
Kingdom of Tambapanni (543–505 BCE)
Kingdom of Upatissa Nuwara (505–377 BCE)
Anuradhapura Kingdom (377 BCE–1017 CE)
Kingdom of Ruhuna (200 CE)
Kingdom of Polonnaruwa (300–1310 CE)
Jaffna Kingdom (1215–1624 CE)
Kingdom of Dambadeniya (1220–1272 CE)
Kingdom of Yapahuwa (1272–1293 CE)
Kingdom of Kurunegala (1293–1341 CE)
Kingdom of Gampola (1341–1347 CE)
Kingdom of Raigama (1347–1415 CE)
Kingdom of Kotte (1412–1597 CE)
Kingdom of Sitawaka (1521–1594 CE)
Kingdom of Kandy (1469–1815 CE)
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British Ceylon (1815–1948 CE)
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The Janapadas (Sanskrit: जनपद pronounced [dʒənəpəd̪ə]) were the realms, republics and kingdoms of the Indian Vedic period late Bronze Age into the (Iron Age) from about 1200 BC to the 6th century BC coinciding with the rise of sixteen great Mahajanapadas most of the states were later annexed by more powerful neighbours whilst others remained independent.